The linkages between migration and development as well as the areas and means by which Nepali stakeholders can better promote and capture the positive aspects of labour migration are key outputs of this report. Important insights are gained on the behaviours of Nepali households with short-term and long-term migrant workers through its comprehensive multisource approach. The focus of the report is to emphasize and describe these categories of population as distinct target groups through the analysis of every stage of their migration experience and possible return. Another focus of the report is to show that Nepali migrants are not substantially different from other migrants. They behave in a consistent and rational manner, like as migrants from any other country of origin, share similar motivations and aspirations. But, comparing the findings across countries with different histories, cultures and migration cycles, one can chart differences and similarities in the various migration stages and therefore predict eventual evolution of the migration pattern for those countries in the earlier stages of mass labour migration, as Nepal is. The extent to which migration will contribute to development depends on the wealth accumulation goals and related remittance, savings and investment behaviours of migrant workers. It is hoped that the new findings contained in this report about Nepali migrant workers will serve as a foundation for evidence-based approaches, including policy development at national and local government levels, as well as in private and civil society sectors. The following pages are oriented towards specialist and non-specialist readers in the above-mentioned areas of activity, and are meant to serve as an inspirational resource and a practical guide for developing evidencebased and relevant migrant worker-specific approaches and interventions. Appreciation goes to the members of the Project Steering Committee (PSC), led by Ministry of Labour and Employment, and the International Organization for Migration (IOM), Mission in Nepal, for the close collaboration in adapting the research methodology and tools to Nepali reality. Special gratitude is extended to Prasuna Saakha, Project Officer, Labour Mobility and Human Development (LHD) Unit, in her role as a Project Manager, for coordinating and monitoring the fieldwork activities, and for organizing the validation workshops in Nepal, as well as to Mr. Paul Norton, Chief of Mission, for supporting and providing feedback to the final workshops and research report. Many people and agencies assisted in the carrying out of this research effort, and appreciation goes to them all. A special appreciation is extended to the 1,976 respondents to the migrant survey, as well as the 22,997 respondents participating in the household survey. In carrying out these surveys, the Institute for Integrated Development Studies (IIDS) expert team, analysts and fieldwork interviewers contributed efforts above and beyond expectations, and often worked under difficult circumstances, for which the authors are grateful. Also, our thanks to IIDS team for drafting the Literature Review. Gratitude is also extended to: Francisca de Zwager, IASCI Senior Consultant, co-author of this report. Birendra Kayastha, sampling expert from the Nepali Central Bureau of Statistics, for his valued consultancies related to the sample design, weighting of data, calculation of probabilities and statistical inferences. Viorel Nutu, Senior Researcher at CIVIS, whose dedication to the statistical processing and analyses of huge volumes of data made the drafting of this report possible. Giuseppe Savino, Labour Migration and Financial Market Specialist, for the relevant insights contributed. As is usual in these instances, the analysts and authors take full responsibility for the methodologies, data, analysis, conclusions and recommendations presented in this document, and nothing in this research necessarily reflects the official views of IOM, Government of Nepal, and research partners.
Ruslan Sintov Kathmandu, September 2017