Situation Report on Nepal’s Agrifood Systems January 2024 | Bulletin Number 14_English

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From November to December 2023, Nepal witnessed the lowest inflation rate over the last 12 months. The year-on-year inflation was 4.9 percent. Compared to the previous month, inflation has declined by 1.36 percent. This decline will have positive implications on poor rural and urban households allowing them to access and afford more food and nutrients. In November 2023, the monthly prices of vegetables, eggs, fish, meat, medium-grain rice, and wheat flour showed moderate reductions. However, the prices of lentils, bananas, and apples increased compared to the previous month. During this period, Nepal witnessed an increase in remittance inflows, even though there was a decline in both the issuance and renewal of labor permits between mid-November and mid-December. The rise in remittances is expected to contribute to an increase in consumption expenditure. The Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock Development (MoALD) has reported an increase in rice production for the fiscal year 2023/24, attributing the slight increase to reduction in occurrence of flooding in 2023 compared to previous years and early supply of fertilizer. 1 However, moving into the winter season, as fertilizer plays important role in enhancing crop yields, the higher prices for both Diammonium Phosphate (DAP) and Muriate of Potash (MoP) in Madesh Province, and the higher price of Urea in Sudurpashchim will likely have some negative effect for cash-strapped farmers in these provinces.

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